คุณ สัจจา ไกรศรรัตน์
22 ก.ค. 2555 เวลา 15:04 น.
The purposes of this study were to 1) explore knowledge and wisdom of Mon community cuisine in Ratchaburi province and transform this wisdom into literature; and 2) develop culture tourism by the wisdom of Mon community cuisine. This qualitative research employed in-depth interview, both individual and group, and a focus group in Mon community of Ban Pong and Potharam districts in Ratchaburi province. The study group was comprised of 45 Mon people in Ban Pong district selected from local people who possess local wisdom of Mon cuisine. The data were analyzed by content analysis technique.
The results of this research revealed that the dis tinctive wisdom of Mon community cuisine was to use local ingredients seasonally, rich in nutrients and herbal values. Moreover, Mon cuisine is also used as a tool to pay respect to their religion and belief, for example, ‘Kao Chae’ in ethnic Songkran festival, ‘Kao Larm’ or bamboo sticky rice in Jong Oh Tan ceremony or ‘Kao Tom Look Yon’ in Buddhist Lent. In addition, These cuisines were used as medium for youngster s to know one others and to pay respect to elders by allowing juniors to offer ‘Kao Chae’ to seniors in the family. This tradition created strong bond within family members. According to cuisine recording process, most identical Mon cuisines were curry, for instance, Kaeng Som, red curry, Kaeng Liang, Kaeng Bon, Kaeng Look Sun, Kaeng Ma Tard and Nam Pla Yum. For dessert, there were ‘Kanom Pla Kim’ and ‘Kao Tok Loy Kaew.’ Significant festival cuisines were ‘Kaw Chae’ in Mon ethnic Songkran festival.
Mon community had potential to promote cuisine as culture tourism because they had strong leaders and local chefs who were Thai-Mon national living in Wat Muang area. In order to cultivate and support culture tourism in this province, more emphasis needs to be given to developing Mon cuisine through Songkran festival, creating Mon cultural tourism route and relating Mon cuisine to other tourism activities in the area.
Keywords: Ratchaburi province, Mon cuisine, cultural tourism.
Communication Art Program, Faculty of Management Science,
Muban Chombueng Rajabhat University
Ratchaburi Province, Thailand